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Incontinence-associated dermatitis: moving prevention forward – Chinese

11 6 月 2018
"失禁相关性皮炎(IAD)是一项全球性重大健康挑战,同时也是导致压疮出现的公认的风险因素。最近的共识工作已明确了我们当前认识和实践中的差距。临床医务人员开展循证实践的能力因缺乏标准化的定义和术语、高质量的研究和国际或国内指引而受到阻碍。
2014年9月,来自全球各地的专家在伦敦召开会议,回顾了IAD方面的知识缺陷并推进了最佳实践原则来解决这些问题。主要议题包括:IAD的风险评估;IAD在压疮发展中的作用;IAD的评估和分类;以及基于严重程度的治疗方法的开发。本文件回顾了这次会议的重要讨论和结果。会议后,初始草案已制定,并接受了专家工作组的广泛审查。文件之后被送往一个更广泛的专家小组做进一步审查。
对于提供实际患者护理的临床医务人员而言,本文件中的信息详细提供了如何基于可用证据和专家意见评估、预防和处理IAD的实用指导。对于临床负责人而言,除了关于制定结构化预防计划的信息之外,还提供了关于推进其护理环境内的IAD预防的分步指引。
专家小组希望此份最佳实践原则能在IAD预防方面,帮助提升有效的护理策略,以改善全球患者的生活质量和临床结果。同时也希望本文件能提高关于对IAD的准确而标准化数据收集需求的意识,以及提高通过发展高质量研究来推动循证基础的意识。"

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